Midland native honored by university for forestry research – Midland Daily News

Midland native honored by university for forestry research
Midland Daily News
Oswald, Denman Professor of Fire Ecology, Silviculture and Agroforestry in the Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture at SFA, earned the Faculty Achievement Award for Research. Oswald has been at SFA since 1995 and currently teaches forest 

Fish assemblages in forest drainage ditches: degraded small streams or novel habitats?

Publication date: Available online 30 December 2013
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Raul Rosenvald , Rein Järvekülg , Asko Lõhmus
Artificial drainage of forested wetlands to increase timber production has profoundly altered the hydrology of North-European landscapes during the 20th century. Nowadays, drainage ditches and small dredged streams can comprise most fluvial water bodies there, but the resulting ecological effects are poorly documented. In the current study, we explored, using fish as an indicator group, consequences of the transformation of natural stream networks to a mixture of natural and artificial watercourses. We asked whether the transformation results in impoverishment, enrichment or re-assembling of the communities both at watercourse and the landscape scales. We sampled fish in 98 sites in five well-forested regions in Estonia where ditches formed 83–92%, dredged streams 4–7%, and natural streams 3–10% of the total length of small watercourses. Based on a total of 6370 individual fish of 20 species, we found that, compared to natural streams, ditches had an impoverished fauna at both scales and both in terms of species richness and assemblage composition. Only natural streams hosted characteristic species (with Barbatula barbatula , Lampetra planeri and Lota lota emerging as significant indicators), while dredged streams had intermediate assemblages. The habitat factors explaining those drainage-related differences included a reduced flow velocity, loss of stream channel variability, less transparent water, and abundant aquatic vegetation. Hence, for stream-dwelling fish, drained forest landscapes represent degraded habitats rather than novel ecosystems, which contrasts with the transformation of terrestrial assemblages. Future studies should address whether that reflects the situation for whole aquatic assemblages, and how is the functioning of the hydrological systems affected. We suggest that the critical management issues for environmental mitigation of ditching effects on fish include basin scale spatial planning, protecting of the remaining natural streams, and rehabilitation of ditch channels in flat landscapes lacking beavers.

Aquatic Coleoptera distribution patterns and their environmental drivers in central Portugal, Iberian Peninsula

Publication date: Available online 30 December 2013
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Amaia Pérez-Bilbao , Ana Raquel Calapez , Maria João Feio
Here, we present the distribution patterns of aquatic Coleoptera species collected in Central Portugal (240 samples, 136 stream sites) and their most important environmental drivers. A total of 81 species were identified from which 16 were endemic of the Iberian Peninsula confirming the high species richness and importance for conservation of this area. The families with higher species richness were Dytiscidae (24 species), Hydraenidae (16 species), Elmidae (13 species) and Hydrophilidae (12 species). We found six groups mainly based on altitudinal, conductivity and lithology gradients. We found a replacement of families, filling different niches over the catchments environmental gradients. According to the distribution maps, the families Dytiscidae and Hydrophilidae appeared in lowland streams while Hydraenidae were collected in upper stretches of the rivers. Various species appeared widely distributed along the different watersheds, most of them belonging to the families Elmidae and Hydraenidae. The highest species richness was found for the Hydraena , represented by 13 species in our study area. Some Hydraena species tend to co-occur at the same sites and have a high similarity in their distribution. This first study of ecological patterns of Coleopteran species in Portugal brought thus new insights to knowledge of this invertebrate group.

Valley Permaculture Alliance Director Jennifer Bonnett on Deep Roots, Blood … – Phoenix New Times (blog)


Phoenix New Times (blog)

Valley Permaculture Alliance Director Jennifer Bonnett on Deep Roots, Blood
Phoenix New Times (blog)
There have been a few changes this year at our beloved Valley Permaculture Alliance (VPA). The public is mostly familiar with the public programs the VPA sponsors like the Tour de Coops and the Shade Tree program in conjunction with APS and SRP, and 

Bolivia: harshening climate meets traditional knowledge – Blogs – The Ecologist – The Ecologist (blog)

Bolivia: harshening climate meets traditional knowledge – Blogs – The Ecologist
The Ecologist (blog)
The process also means that Lanqaya can take collective decisions such as their recent move towards agro-ecology, and that everyone in the community will respect the decision taken. An important part of the community's ability to make these decisions

Party leader lauds army for fulfilling key peace-time duties – VietNamNet Bridge


VietNamNet Bridge

Party leader lauds army for fulfilling key peace-time duties
VietNamNet Bridge
President Truong Tan Sang has asked the Central Highlands Dak Lak province to fully exploit its rich agro-forestry land resources to avoid wastefulness. At a working session with the provincial authorities in Buon Ma Thuot city on December 29

and more »

Mozambique: Farmers in Mozambique Fear Brazilian-Style Agriculture – AllAfrica.com

Mozambique: Farmers in Mozambique Fear Brazilian-Style Agriculture
AllAfrica.com
The signatories demanded the immediate suspension of the programme, an official dialogue with all affected segments of society, a priority on family farming and agroecology, and a policy based on food sovereignty. They also said that all of the

Every Eucalyptus Felled Equals Gallons of Water – Independent European Daily Express

Every Eucalyptus Felled Equals Gallons of Water
Independent European Daily Express
Her husband, Amos Ndze, tells IPS that agro-forestry practices are much more rewarding. "My wife is getting larger yields from the farm than was the case when I planted eucalyptus trees here, and these medicinal plants and fruit trees are giving me

Tianguis Agroecological (Farmers Market) Quintana Roo, Mexico


CAN proudly announces two firsts in the following update: the first time the women’s group is selling their produce in a  farmers market AND the first market for this project. Please read on.

Susanne Kissmann reports from Quintana Roo, Mexico

We had at least nine different producers participate in the farmers market, including the women from the Tabasco Women’s Group and the cooperative from Chacsinkin, Yucatan. The growers sold most of their produce (no chemicals or fertilizers), and really appreciated the event.

Maricela lead the effort, with excellent help from the project team (professors and students) and the  University support staff. Planning ahead for next year, professors from UIMQRoo are organizing alternative markets that include music, culture, workshops and more. This will be an excellent place to continue with our participation.

We have learned a lot throughout the process of developing alternative markets and are positioned to move forward with this work. We also have made a new contact, a group in Puerto Morelos (somoslibertaria.wordpress.com). This group has years of experience in organizing alternative markets in the state.

Photo caption: Chancellor of UIMQRoo (Dr. Francisco J. Rosado May) , and a student from the Agroecology major, that facilitated the event (Zalma Nacira Cauich Ucán), during the inauguration of the First Agroecological Tianguis, “Revaluing the heritage of our people,” in the central park of José María Morelos, Quintana Roo, México. Behind them the promotional poster can be seen.  Dec 7, 2013. Photo: Héctor Cálix de Dios

 

 

Farmers in Mozambique Fear Brazilian-Style Agriculture – Independent European Daily Express

Farmers in Mozambique Fear Brazilian-Style Agriculture
Independent European Daily Express
The signatories demanded the immediate suspension of the programme, an official dialogue with all affected segments of society, a priority on family farming and agroecology, and a policy based on food sovereignty. They also said that all of the

Christmas deluge brings disaster to Eastern Caribbean – PreventionWeb (press release)

Christmas deluge brings disaster to Eastern Caribbean
PreventionWeb (press release)
These include capacity-building for adaptation to climate change at a cost of 3.7 million euro; construction of storm drains at a cost of 5.2 million euro; agroforestry, food security and soil stabilisation at a cost of 6.0 million euro; and road works

and more »

Christmas Deluge Brings Disaster to Eastern Caribbean – Reuters AlertNet

Christmas Deluge Brings Disaster to Eastern Caribbean
Reuters AlertNet
These include capacity-building for adaptation to climate change at a cost of 3.7 million euro; construction of storm drains at a cost of 5.2 million euro; agroforestry, food security and soil stabilisation at a cost of 6.0 million euro; and road works

Stolen land: Nigerian villagers want their land back from Wilmar – Intercontinental Cry


Intercontinental Cry

Stolen land: Nigerian villagers want their land back from Wilmar
Intercontinental Cry
In exchange, the government promised to provide programmes for agroforestry and rural development and credit for small farms and businesses. "The government's promises were only ever on the drawing board," says Linus Orok, a village leader from Ekong 

Urban Agriculture program to debut at Edmonds Community College for winter … – My Edmonds News

Urban Agriculture program to debut at Edmonds Community College for winter
My Edmonds News
Urban Agriculture classes include Agroecology, Soil and Plant Nutrition, Vegetable Production I, Fruit Production I, and Horticultural Careers. Will Allen, one of the country's most respected leaders in sustainable urban farming, recently visited

Annual GDP growth projected to reach 5.42 per cent – VietNamNet Bridge


VietNamNet Bridge

Annual GDP growth projected to reach 5.42 per cent
VietNamNet Bridge
Among industries showing growth have been agro-forestry and the fisheries sectors, posting a 2.67 per cent increase, compared to last year. Industrial and construction sectors rose 5.43 per cent, which was lower than the growth rate of 5.75 per cent

BEST OF 2013: Javan leopards on camera – Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)

BEST OF 2013: Javan leopards on camera
Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)
Salak National Park. It was funded by the Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute (FFPRI). This research is carried out as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.

Population traits of invasive bleak Alburnus alburnus between different habitats in Iberian fresh waters

Publication date: Available online 24 December 2013
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): David Almeida , Paris V. Stefanoudis , David H. Fletcher , Carlos Rangel , Eduardo da Silva
The bleak Alburnus alburnus (L.) is a cyprinid native to most of Europe, mainly inhabiting lentic environments. This fish species is a successful invader in the Iberian Peninsula, where it was first introduced to reservoirs as forage fish during the 1990s. Bleaks threaten the highly endemic Iberian fish fauna by means of trophic competition and hybridization. Yet, little is known about the environmental biology of bleaks in the Iberian Peninsula, particularly far from impounded waters. Thus, the aim of this work was to compare seasonal and gender variation of size structure, body condition and reproductive investment of bleaks between different habitats. Only sexually mature bleaks were seasonally collected and examined from the River Gévora and the Sierra Brava Reservoir (southwestern Spain) to assess more in-depth the adaptive capacity at the population level and the subsequent invasiveness. Bleak was an abundant species in the fish assemblages of both habitat types (i.e. river and reservoir). The proportion of smaller mature bleaks was lower in the river than the reservoir during spring and the opposite pattern was observed during winter. Both male and females were larger in the river during the breeding season in the study areas (i.e. spring), as well as with higher body condition and reproductive investment. These findings suggest that bleaks enhance their reproduction rate in the river to compensate for higher mortality in this habitat, where environmental conditions may be harsher due to the winter floods and summer droughts typical of Mediterranean water courses. Overall results highlight the high degree of plasticity in population traits of the bleak in the Iberian Peninsula, which will surely aid its ability to adapt to a wide variety of Mediterranean ecosystems, including lentic and lotic environments. Consequently, this invasive fish may pose a serious risk for the highly valuable fauna of Mediterranean Europe.

Looking forward

Reflecting on PAN’s accomplishments over the past year, I’m feeling deeply grateful to each and every person in our broad community — including you. Every person involved in this work provides the inspiration and muscle we need to transform corporate and government systems.

And as 2013 draws to a close, my attention turns to the coming year. How can we best work together to keep building momentum for powerful change? How can we make even more progress toward healthy, fair food and farming in the new year?

read more

International Year of Family Farming – Joint communiqué issued by the Ministry … – France Diplomatie (press release)

International Year of Family Farming – Joint communiqué issued by the Ministry
France Diplomatie (press release)
The choice of family farming made by the United Nations, a year after the launch of the agroecology project for France, is an additional opportunity to develop this agroecology dynamic, which is also central to the bill on the future of agriculture

Global conference to accelerate the use of trees in agriculture, landscape – Malaysia Sun

Global conference to accelerate the use of trees in agriculture, landscape
Malaysia Sun
Over 1,000 participants from private sector and research and development institutions will share knowledge on the positive financial, environmental and social impacts of agroforestry in an international congress in New Delhi, India, in February next year.

Global conference to accelerate the use of trees in agriculture, – Jakarta Post

Global conference to accelerate the use of trees in agriculture,
Jakarta Post
Over 1,000 participants from private sector and research and development institutions will share knowledge on the positive financial, environmental and social impacts of agroforestry in an international congress in New Delhi, India, in February next year.

Dramatic decline in industrial agriculture could herald ‘peak food’ – Raw Story


Raw Story

Dramatic decline in industrial agriculture could herald 'peak food'
Raw Story
Two years ago, a landmark report by the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food demonstrated that agroecology based on sustainable, small-scale, organic methods could potentially double food production in entire regions facing persistent hunger

Response of fish and benthic invertebrate communities to constrained channel conditions in a mountain river: Case study of the Biała, Polish Carpathians

Publication date: Available online 21 December 2013
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Bartłomiej Wyżga , Antoni Amirowicz , Paweł Oglęcki , Hanna Hajdukiewicz , Artur Radecki-Pawlik , Joanna Zawiejska , Paweł Mikuś
Following considerable hydromorphological degradation in past decades, the gravel-bed Biała River, Polish Carpathians, is to be restored through establishing erodible corridor in two river sections. In these sections, relatively long, unmanaged channel reaches alternate with short, channelized reaches located in the vicinity of bridges. Effects of the alternating morphologies on physical habitat conditions, fish and benthic invertebrate communities, and ecological river quality were investigated in 10 pairs of unmanaged and channelized cross-sections located between significant tributaries. Unmanaged cross-sections with an average of two low-flow channels exhibited significantly greater variation in depth-averaged and near-bed velocity and bed material size than single-thread, channelized cross-sections. Summer, autumn and winter surveys of benthic invertebrates indicated that the unmanaged cross-sections typically hosted three times more taxa than channelized cross-sections, and this was reflected in distinct appraisal of the two cross-section types by means of invertebrate-based BMWP-PL index. Electrofishing indicated no statistically significant difference in the number of fish species between both types of river cross-sections, and the resultant similar scores of the European Fish Index allowed both cross-section types to be associated with the same class of ecological river quality. This study indicated that short channelized river reaches do not disrupt continuity of fish populations, although they provide worse habitats for fish, reflected in the lower numbers of individuals, especially juveniles. It also highlighted the need of investigating various groups of river biota to determine the response of river biocoenosis to environmental stressors and evaluate the ecological status of the river.

Punjab Woos New Investors; but Faces Flak from Existing Ones – The New Indian Express

Punjab Woos New Investors; but Faces Flak from Existing Ones
The New Indian Express
Aiming to bring down area under water-guzzling paddy crop, both Punjab and Haryana laid emphasis on encouraging growers to diversify into less water consuming crops like maize, sugarcane, agro-forestry, oilseeds, vegetables,pulses etc. Armed with a 

The Well-Intentioned But Misguided Eco-Doomers – Discover Magazine (blog)


Discover Magazine (blog)

The Well-Intentioned But Misguided Eco-Doomers
Discover Magazine (blog)
The U.N. was touting agroecology a few years back, citing it “as a way to boost food production and improve the situation of the poorest.” Evidence-based science tells us otherwise. No matter, in a recent piece, Nafeez Ahmed told us of a new study that

Knowledge and valuation of Andean agroforestry species: the role of sex, age … – 7thSpace Interactive (press release)

Knowledge and valuation of Andean agroforestry species: the role of sex, age
7thSpace Interactive (press release)
In this case study, carried out in a peasant community of the Bolivian Andes, we aimed at calculating the cultural importance of selected agroforestry species, and at analysing the intracultural variation in the cultural importance and knowledge of

Time to ‘connect the dots’ between gender, forests and REDD+, experts say – Reuters AlertNet

Time to 'connect the dots' between gender, forests and REDD+, experts say
Reuters AlertNet
of women and men,” she said. For further information on the topics discussed in this article, please contact Esther Mwangi at e.mwangi@cgiar.org. This work forms part of the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry. TOPICAL NEWS.

Time to ‘connect the dots’ among gender, forests, REDD+, experts say – Reuters AlertNet

Time to 'connect the dots' among gender, forests, REDD+, experts say
Reuters AlertNet
of women and men,” she said. For further information on the topics discussed in this article, please contact Esther Mwangi at e.mwangi@cgiar.org. This work forms part of the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry. TOPICAL NEWS.

and more »

Time to ‘connect the dots’ among gender, forests, REDD+, experts say – Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)

Time to 'connect the dots' among gender, forests, REDD+, experts say
Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)
out the needs of women and men,” she said. For further information on the topics discussed in this article, please contact Esther Mwangi at e.mwangi@cgiar.org. This work forms part of the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry.

Agriculture ranks high forU of S funding – Western Producer (subscription)

Agriculture ranks high forU of S funding
Western Producer (subscription)
Buhr said the Centre for Northern Agroforestry and Afforestation, responsible for research into shelter belts and biomass production, will close. Its external funding has run out, but its research will continue, she added. A consultation process will

International degree program spawns graduate student seminars

Two Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences graduate students in entomology are building upon their international experiences by conducting a new graduate seminar series on tropical entomology. The students, Ariel Rivers and Loren Rivera-Vega, are enrolled in the International Agriculture and Development dual-title degree program, which provides students with international perspectives and expertise to strengthen their primary graduate degree.

Dramatic decline in industrial agriculture could herald ‘peak food’ – The Guardian

Dramatic decline in industrial agriculture could herald 'peak food'
The Guardian
Two years ago, a landmark report by the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food demonstrated that agroecology based on sustainable, small-scale, organic methods could potentially double food production in entire regions facing persistent hunger

Corn pest decline may save farmers money

Populations of European corn borer (ECB), a major corn crop pest, have declined significantly in the eastern United States, according to Penn State researchers. The decline suggests that the use of genetically modified, ECB-resistant corn hybrids — an expensive, yet effective, solution that has been widely adopted by farmers — may now be unnecessary in some areas.

Native Ants Help Boost Indonesian Cacao Yields – Asian Scientist Magazine


Asian Scientist Magazine

Native Ants Help Boost Indonesian Cacao Yields
Asian Scientist Magazine
Farmers often dislike ants, according to Stacy Philpott, an associate professor in agroecology at the University of California, Santa Cruz, who studies insects in another tree crop, coffee. She said that the study is important in advancing the

Donley gift to support entrepreneurship, innovation programs

Programs that develop and encourage entrepreneurship and innovation in Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences will receive a boost as a result of a gift from an alumnus of the college and his wife. William and Margaret Donley, of Pittsburgh, targeted their $50,000 gift to an existing endowment that provides programmatic support for the college’s Entrepreneurship and Innovation Program.

Eureka! AgroEco® Coffee available at Los Bagels

Posted in: News   Topics: About CAN, Coffee, Events,


Afraid to leave the Santa Cruz area for fear of missing your cup of AgroEco® Coffee at Santa Cruz Coffee Roasting Company (SCCRC)? Fear no more. Dennis Rael, an owner of Los Bagels and Bronson Baker (SCCRC) are long-time friends from Santa Cruz. Los Bagels has been purchasing coffee from SCCRc for more than 30 years and five years ago added AgroEco® Coffee from Nicaragua to their offerings.

Recently Sterling Muth, Sales Associate from SCCRC, and Victor Castro, Marketing Coordinator from CAN, traveled north to Los Bagels shops in Arcata and Eureka, California to share the story of AgroEco® Coffee and the relationship among SCCRC, CAN, and Los Bagels. Sterling presented the history of SCCRC and Victor shared the story of AgroEco® Coffee. They concluded their presentations with a coffee cupping. A good time was had by all.

 

Permaculture Project Voted Best in UK for Climate Change Solutions – Permaculture Magazine


Permaculture Magazine

Permaculture Project Voted Best in UK for Climate Change Solutions
Permaculture Magazine
Offshoots Permaculture Projects, run by Newground, runs education and training programmes covering organic food production and woodland management to renewable energy systems and water purification. Their site was previously derelict for 10 years 

Asia Plantation Capital welcomes the UN’s recognition of Agroforestry – eco-business.com

Asia Plantation Capital welcomes the UN's recognition of Agroforestry
eco-business.com
Asia Plantation Capital welcomes the UN's recognition of Agroforestry as integral to global green growth. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for Agroforestry and Agriculture to be scaled up to address food scarcity and help meet

World’s largest agricultural research partnership doubles funding to $1 … – EurekAlert (press release)

World's largest agricultural research partnership doubles funding to $1
EurekAlert (press release)
By 2020, research on forest, trees and agroforestry will prevent deforestation on 0.5 to 1.7 million hectares, reducing carbon emissions by 0.16 to 0.68 billion tons per year. By 2022, fish production and fish farm employment will increase by 30% in

and more »

Africa: Hopes Rise for Global Food Security As World’s Largest Agricultural … – AllAfrica.com

Africa: Hopes Rise for Global Food Security As World's Largest Agricultural
AllAfrica.com
By 2020, research on forest, trees and agroforestry will prevent deforestation on 0.5 to 1.7 million hectares, reducing carbon emissions by 0.16 to 0.68 billion tons per year. By 2022, fish production and fish farm employment will increase by 30% in

Student Stories: It was a zoo in there, but she loved it

Picture this: a flock of parrots gathered around a television, watching Cinderella. If that sounds unrealistic, think again. Ashley Hallowell, a graduate from the Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences veterinary and biomedical sciences program, got to witness this very spectacle during her internship with the Philadelphia Zoo last year.

Governor Jammeh Calls for Public Awareness On Biodiversity – AllAfrica.com

Governor Jammeh Calls for Public Awareness On Biodiversity
AllAfrica.com
by extension preserve and natural resources. Governor Jammeh therefore tasked biodiversity journalists to forge partnership with the department of forestry and agriculture to enable farmers adopt the required agro-forestry practices to improve food

New African Academy to Nurture Nutritious ‘Orphan’ Crops – AllAfrica.com

New African Academy to Nurture Nutritious 'Orphan' Crops
AllAfrica.com
Over a five-year period, the academy – hosted by the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) – will train some 250 scientists and technicians in genomics and marker-assisted selection for crop improvement. It will create strengthened planting materials for

Diet of two invading gobiid species (Proterorhinus semilunaris and Neogobius melanostomus) during the breeding and hatching season: no field evidence of extensive predation on fish eggs and fry

Publication date: Available online 16 December 2013
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Mojmír Vašek , Lucie Všetičková , Kevin Roche , Pavel Jurajda
One of the potential impacts of invasive gobies on native fish fauna is predation on eggs and fry. Therefore, the diet composition of two invading gobiid species, the tubenose goby Proterorhinus semilunaris and round goby Neogobius melanostomus, was examined in the Dyje river system (Danube basin, Central Europe) during the 2011 reproductive season to ascertain the extent of gobiid predation on heterospecific and conspecific eggs and juveniles. Consumption of fish eggs and juveniles by invading gobies was very low. The diets of both species consisted largely of benthic macroinvertebrates, and particularly insect larvae. These results indicate that invading gobies in the Dyje river system are likely to impact native fish fauna more through competitive effects than through direct predation on eggs and juveniles.

Bayer fined for endangering farmworkers

EPA recently fined Bayer CropSciences $53,000 for endangering the lives of farmworkers with pesticide exposure in their Puerto Rican research and nursery operations. While this is a tiny drop in Bayer's multi-million dollar budget, we do take it as an encouraging sign.

The good news: When rules are enforced — in this case, the federal Worker Protection Standards (WPS) — employers are held accountable for protecting workers from exposure to hazardous pesticides. The less good news: Enforcement actions like this one are all too rare, and the WPS itself is old, inadequate and in serious need of an upgrade.

read more