Oil palm plantations degrade local water quality relative to community forests – Mongabay.com

Oil palm plantations degrade local water quality relative to community forests
Mongabay.com
The research, conducted by scientists in the U.S. and Indonesia, compared the properties of streams draining mature and immature oil palm plantations, agroforestry areas, and logged and old-growth forests. It found that streams flowing through oil palm …

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Report from CAN’s 4th Annual Youth Exchange


May 15-23, 2014: CAN’s 4th Annual Youth Exchange or Intercambio took place in the coffee-growing highlands of Veracruz, México. The Youth Exchange brought 32 youth leaders together to share experiences and knowledge about building food in their own communities. The majority of the youth are leaders or promotores from CAN’s Food Security and Sovereignty Initiatives in Nicaragua (San Ramón and Las Segovias) and México (Quintana Roo and Veracruz). The youth leaders were joined by university students from the Universidad Autónoma Chapingo in Veracruz, and the University of California, Santa Cruz. CAN’s partner in Veracruz, VIDA A.C., hosted the Youth Exchange.

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Reflections of Bianca Tornero, a student participant in the 4th Annual Youth Exchange: My experience at the youth exchange was empowering and very inspirational. By working with this group of youth and seeing their life experiences, I was able to really understand what food sovereignty means and that agroecology is a way of living — it isn’t just a certification that can be given. In class, we always talk about how in a hypothetical world it would be great to have people fighting for their rights to reclaim their land and health. Here, I was able to see what these people are doing and how they are fighting for their communities. This is what we always talk about in class, but actually seeing and meeting these people was just incredible. This trip reinforced my interest in my studies. Once I graduate I want to continue working with communities like these, searching for a more just and healthy society, not only locally but also globally. This trip really changed me. I’ve fallen in love with what I care about all over again.

 

 

World’s cocoa crop could get a big boost from a simple, non-toxic spray

Cocoa farmers this year will lose an estimated 30 to 40 percent of their crop to pests and disease, and concern is growing about sustainability in cocoa production. Scientists at Penn State’s Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences have found – in a safe, biodegradable compound – a potential alternative to the hazardous antifungal agents currently being used to combat one of the most damaging cacao diseases, Phytophthora pod rot (also known as Black Pod).

Trader’s Watch List: Glu Mobile Inc. (NASDAQ:GLUU), Keurig Green Mountain … – Crazy Joys

Trader's Watch List: Glu Mobile Inc. (NASDAQ:GLUU), Keurig Green Mountain
Crazy Joys
Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. (NASDAQ:GMCR) in partnership with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group (ARLG) of the University of Vermont, announced the results of a 2013 scientific study …

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New Research from International Center for Tropical Agriculture Shows … – Yahoo Finance UK

New Research from International Center for Tropical Agriculture Shows
Yahoo Finance UK
Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. (GMCR), in partnership with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group (ARLG) of the University of Vermont, announced today the results of a 2013 scientific study …

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New Research from International Center for Tropical Agriculture Shows … – Businessweek

New Research from International Center for Tropical Agriculture Shows
Businessweek
30, 2014– Keurig Green Mountain , Inc. (NASDAQ:GMCR), in partnership with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group (ARLG) of the University of Vermont, announced today the results of a …

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New Research from International Center for Tropical Agriculture Shows … – MarketWatch

New Research from International Center for Tropical Agriculture Shows
MarketWatch
WATERBURY, Vt., Jun 30, 2014 (BUSINESS WIRE) — Keurig Green Mountain, Inc. (NASDAQ:GMCR) , in partnership with the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and the Agroecology and Rural Livelihoods Group (ARLG) of the University of …

Viola farmer committed to restoring the land – Appleton Post Crescent

Viola farmer committed to restoring the land
Appleton Post Crescent
Educated in forest ecology, he is the CEO of Forest Agriculture Enterprises, author of a book on reclamation agriculture and operator of New Forest Farm, one of the first profitable agroforestry projects in Wisconsin. He set to work planting trees
Farmer committed to restoring the land Journal Times



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‘Integrated Forest Gardening’ by Wayne Weiseman, Daniel Halsey and Bryce … – Mother Earth News

'Integrated Forest Gardening' by Wayne Weiseman, Daniel Halsey and Bryce
Mother Earth News
Those systems include perennial-plant guilds, food forests, agroforestry, and mixed animal- and woody-species polycultures. The guild concept often used is one of a “functional relationship” between plants—beneficial groupings of plants that share

Local gardens provide protection for threatened pollinators

With the arrival of summer comes the activity of pollinators — birds, bees, butterflies and more — which are threatened by habitat loss, pesticides, pollution and climate change. To help them, the Penn State Center for Pollinator Research, the Penn State Master Gardener Program and The Arboretum at Penn State are partnering to create a large network of public and private pollinator gardens throughout central Pennsylvania.

‘The Systems View Of Life: A Unifying Vision’ By Capra And Luisi – Seeking Alpha – Seeking Alpha

'The Systems View Of Life: A Unifying Vision' By Capra And Luisi – Seeking Alpha
Seeking Alpha
A chapter is devoted to the current paradigm battles between genetically-modified crops and industrial-scale monocultures using pesticides versus agro-ecology which is now practiced more widely in many countries as markets for natural, non-toxic, …

Review Of ‘The Systems View Of Life: A Unifying Vision’ By Capra And Luisi – Seeking Alpha

Review Of 'The Systems View Of Life: A Unifying Vision' By Capra And Luisi
Seeking Alpha
A chapter is devoted to the current paradigm battles between genetically-modified crops and industrial-scale monocultures using pesticides versus agro-ecology which is now practiced more widely in many countries as markets for natural, non-toxic, …

Farmer committed to restoring the land – Washington Times

Farmer committed to restoring the land
Washington Times
Shepherd, 51, is an internationally known expert in reclamation agriculture, permaculture and agroforestry – eco-friendly farming techniques that emphasize perennial crops, natural biodiversity and sustainable land management. “For years, people couldn

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Former Penn State students create Living Furniture prototype

GreenTowers, LLC originated two years ago as a student research team at Penn State, dedicated towards finding a solution to the growing concern of how to feed 9.5 billion people in the year 2050. After winning numerous entrepreneurship and sustainability competitions, including two sponsorships from Penn State’s Sustainability Institute — Dow SISCA and the Reinvention Fund – and one from the College of Agricultural Sciences, the team initially designed and built a mobile greenhouse that uses aquaponic technology.

Students launch crowdfunding campaign for Living Furniture prototype

GreenTowers, a local start-up run by Penn State students, have announced the launch of their Kickstarter campaign, as a way to fund their newest prototype, the Living Table. The crowdfunding campaign will begin on June 30. GreenTowers, LLC originated two years ago as a student research team at Penn State, dedicated towards finding a solution to the growing concern of how to feed 9.5 billion people in the year 2050.

OPINION: Permaculture can increase financial and urban resilience – Newcastle Herald

OPINION: Permaculture can increase financial and urban resilience
Newcastle Herald
Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren wrote the book Permaculture One in the '70s, when oil scarcities prompted an environmental activist response. Permaculture has been embraced by thousands of communities worldwide, and it describes a …

Examples in Asia lend weight to policy link for forests, farms – Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)

Examples in Asia lend weight to policy link for forests, farms
Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)
In India, agroforestry programs exist under both the Indian Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Forestry — but these programs don't talk to each other, she said. She argued that politicians and researchers need to focus on repairing what she

Many firsts – Sun.Star

Many firsts
Sun.Star
Yet still another first was the presence and attendance of new Board of Trustees members, including lawyer Tanya Lat, agroforestry expert Ed Queblatin, and Negros Occidental's own son, social entrepreneur Ramón “Chinchin” Uy Jr., my co-worker at the …

Next big idea in forest conservation? Playing games to understand what drives … – Mongabay.com

Next big idea in forest conservation? Playing games to understand what drives
Mongabay.com
A paper by Harvey et al in 2008 proposed an agenda of strategies to maintain biodiversity in coffee agroforestry systems, but nowhere in the list were the prime interests of the coffee planters represented . In the coffee agroforestry landscape of the

Dow’s “Enlist” crops: A GE double whammy

The pipeline of new genetically engineered (GE) crop technologies is full to bursting. Many of the GE seeds queued up for approval are engineered for use with hazardous herbicide mixes intended to overcome the "superweed" crisis — a direct result of widespread adoption of Monsanto's RoundUp Ready crops.

On June 30th, EPA will close the public comment period on the "new use" of the herbicide 2,4-D being proposed by Dow AgroSciences to accompany their latest GE seeds. The new products — going by the name "Enlist" — would combine 2,4-D and glyphosate, and would be used with corn and soy seeds that have been engineered to tolerate to this chemical cocktail. Please join us in urging EPA to say no.

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Your (not so) “bee-friendly” plants

Bee-harming pesticides in our lavender and daisies? In the same week that an international body of scientists released a comprehensive global assessment of the harms of pesticides to bees, a new report shows that these very same pesticides are found in many of our backyard plants — at levels of concern — that are meant to support pollinators.

The report shows that 51% of garden plant samples purchased at top garden retailers (Home Depot, Lowe’s and Walmart) in 18 cities in the United States and Canada contain neonicotinoid (neonic) pesticides — a key driver of declining bee populations. Concerning levels of the pesticides were found in places like California’s San Francisco Bay Area and in Minnesota’s Twin Cities. In some cases, multiple neonics were found in the same plant, in the leaves, stalks or flowers.

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New breeds, historical demonstration highlight Ag Progress Days horse events

A variety of new and returning events will delight horse lovers of all ages who make the trip to Penn State’s Ag Progress Days this year, according to organizers in the College of Agricultural Sciences. The event’s Equine Experience, Aug. 12-14, will offer a full schedule of training and breed clinics, demonstrations, informational displays and lectures.

Major meeting to propose large-scale solutions to landscape challenges in Africa – Phys.Org

Major meeting to propose large-scale solutions to landscape challenges in Africa
Phys.Org
The Conference is being hosted by the World Agroforestry Centre on behalf of the Landscapes for People, Food and Nature Initiative, a global partnership of leading conservation, agriculture and food security organizations. The conference will look to

FAO: forests vital in sustainable development and reducing poverty – Blue & Green Tomorrow


Blue & Green Tomorrow

FAO: forests vital in sustainable development and reducing poverty
Blue & Green Tomorrow
Eva Mueller, director of the FAO's forestry division, added, “Forests, trees, farms and agroforestry systems contribute to food security, nutrition and livelihoods in several ways including as a direct source of food, fuel, employment and income. “As

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Wisconsin farmer Mark Shepherd is committed to restoring the land – Minneapolis Star Tribune

Wisconsin farmer Mark Shepherd is committed to restoring the land
Minneapolis Star Tribune
Shepherd, 51, is an internationally known expert in reclamation agriculture, permaculture and agroforestry — eco-friendly farming techniques that emphasize perennial crops, natural biodiversity and sustainable land management. "For years, people

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Pesticides, pregnancy & autism. Do we know enough?

On Monday, researchers from UC Davis released new data linking prenatal pesticide exposure to increased risk of autism. This latest study adds to an increasingly powerful case for reducing use of these harmful chemicals that are undermining the potential of the next generation.

Researchers found that mothers who live within a mile of fields where toxic pesticides are applied have a 60% higher chance of having kids with autism. The link is strongest for the insecticide chlorpyrifos — and as a mom, this has me worried. More than a million pounds of this chemical are used every year in California, and while both state officials and EPA taking another look at chlorpyrifos harms, the process is painfully slow. That's why we're now asking Congress to step up and help protect our kids.

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Sheridan College Gets Donation For New Ag Center – Wyoming Public Media

Sheridan College Gets Donation For New Ag Center
Wyoming Public Media
“Ranching is now as much about science as it is anything else, so we need a soils lab, and agro-ecology lab, and also, something interesting that we've been contemplating for some time is a simulated commodities trading room with computerized feeds to
Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center Casper Star-Tribune Online


Region briefs Gillette News Record
Sheridan College gets $4 million gift toward construction of agriculture center The Republic

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IICA, CTO sign agreement to boost agriculture in Caribbean tourism – Jamaica Observer

IICA, CTO sign agreement to boost agriculture in Caribbean tourism
Jamaica Observer
According to the agreement, the types of tourism in which agriculture and rural areas could play a bigger role are those related to the region's agro-ecology, cuisine, culture and heritage; as well as activities involving rural communities and health

Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center – Casper Star-Tribune Online

Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center
Casper Star-Tribune Online
Young says the center will include classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a lab for soils and agro-ecology. One classroom will include a computerized commodities trading floor for students in the ag-business program. Copyright 2014 The Associated …
Region briefs Gillette News Record


Sheridan College gets $4 million gift toward construction of agriculture center The Republic

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Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center – kotanow.com- Scottsbluff Area … – Kota

Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center – kotanow.com- Scottsbluff Area
Kota
Young says the center will include classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a lab for soils and agro-ecology. One classroom will include a computerized commodities trading floor for students in the ag-business program. Information from: The Sheridan …

Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center – KULR-TV

Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center
KULR-TV
Young says the center will include classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a lab for soils and agro-ecology. One classroom will include a computerized commodities trading floor for students in the ag-business program. Information from: The Sheridan …
Sheridan College gets $4 million gift toward construction of agriculture center The Republic



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Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center – Billings Gazette

Sheridan College gets $4M gift for ag center
Billings Gazette
Young says the center will include classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a lab for soils and agro-ecology. One classroom will include a computerized commodities trading floor for students in the ag-business program. Copyright 2014 The Associated …
Sheridan College gets $4 million gift toward construction of agriculture center The Republic



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Basics of permaculture program slated for July 15 in San Antonio – AgriLife Today

Basics of permaculture program slated for July 15 in San Antonio
AgriLife Today
SAN ANTONIO – The Backyard Gardening series of the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service in Bexar County will present “The Basics of Permaculture” program from 6:30-8:30 p.m. July 15 at its San Antonio office. The office is in Suite 208 of the Conroy …

Sheridan College gets $4 million gift toward construction of agriculture center – The Republic

Sheridan College gets $4 million gift toward construction of agriculture center
The Republic
College President Paul Young says he's confident the remaining $1.3 million will be raised by the end of the summer. Young says the center will include classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a lab for soils and agro-ecology. One classroom will

Germany Breaks Solar Power Records Again – Permaculture Magazine


Permaculture Magazine

Germany Breaks Solar Power Records Again
Permaculture Magazine
Permaculture – practical solutions for self-reliance, a magazine filled with useful and inspiring features, stories and ideas about all aspects of sustainable living from gardening and farming to green building and renewable technology. Check out a

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Germany sets record for peak energy use – 50 percent comes from solar – Permaculture Magazine

Germany sets record for peak energy use – 50 percent comes from solar
Permaculture Magazine
The Fraunhofer ISE research institute has announced that Germany set a record high for solar use on June 9 – on that day the country's solar power output rose to 23.1 GW – 50.6 percent of all electricity demand. The record occurred over a holiday

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1 Million Hectare Reforestation Project Planned for Panama – Triple Pundit


Triple Pundit

1 Million Hectare Reforestation Project Planned for Panama
Triple Pundit
A groundbreaking initiative launched in Panama highlights the role agroforestry can play in promoting sustainable socioeconomic growth, combating climate change and enhancing the value of ecosystems. Establishing a precedent-setting alliance, ANCON …

Mark Shepherd is committed to restoring the land – Jacksoncountychronicle

Mark Shepherd is committed to restoring the land
Jacksoncountychronicle
Shepherd, 51, is an internationally known expert in reclamation agriculture, permaculture and agroforestry — eco-friendly farming techniques that emphasize perennial crops, natural biodiversity and sustainable land management. “For years, people

Book review: ‘Seeds of Hope: Wisdom and Wonders from the World of Plants’ by … – Lincoln Journal Star

Book review: 'Seeds of Hope: Wisdom and Wonders from the World of Plants' by
Lincoln Journal Star
With the authority that can come only from someone like Jane Goodall, she urges her readers to adopt the term "agroecology," over the popular "organic" when describing the kinds of farming that she and other defenders of the environment will accept.

The Urgency for Academic-Business Collaboration: Establishing a Global Food … – Diplomatic Courier

The Urgency for Academic-Business Collaboration: Establishing a Global Food
Diplomatic Courier
Other research institutions have strengths in fundamental sciences in plant, animal, human biology, medicine, and social sciences but have little expertise in agriculture, agroecology, and sustainability, or water management, and so forth. As a

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Mars gifts $4 million to create new SC agriculture center – The Sheridan Press (subscription)

Mars gifts $4 million to create new SC agriculture center
The Sheridan Press (subscription)
In addition to high-tech classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a soils and agroecology lab, the new center will include a computerized commodities trading floor classroom to support students studying in the ag-business program. “The academic study …

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Mars gifts $4 million to SC for new agriculture center – The Sheridan Press (subscription)


The Sheridan Press (subscription)

Mars gifts $4 million to SC for new agriculture center
The Sheridan Press (subscription)
In addition to high-tech classrooms, a herbarium, a greenhouse and a soils and agroecology lab, the new center will include a computerized commodities trading floor classroom to support students studying in the ag-business program. “The academic study …

The Big Ten food companies must join the climate fight – The Ecologist (blog)

The Big Ten food companies must join the climate fight
The Ecologist (blog)
At the Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR), our research addresses these issues. Some of our work focuses on remediating the effects of the current system, but chiefly we are concerned with the root causes, and with proposing new, more …

101 Facts That Make Us Hopeful About the Future of Food – The Women’s International Perspective

101 Facts That Make Us Hopeful About the Future of Food
The Women’s International Perspective
Through agroforestry—growing trees along with crops—communities can increase crop productivity and overcome global hunger and poverty, contributing to the livelihoods of more than 1.6 billion people. 2. According to Solar Cookers International, solar …

UVM Food Systems Summit addresses world hunger, justice and environmental … – UVM News

UVM Food Systems Summit addresses world hunger, justice and environmental
UVM News
… told the capacity crowd in the Davis Center's Grand Maple Ballroom, he was charmed by the countryside and nostalgic for the farm work of his youth, until stopping to visit with workers from southern Mexico, people like the ones who taught him
Farm Labor Expert Reacts To Vermont Migrant Workers' Isolation Vermont Public Radio



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UVM Summit Addresses World Hunger, Justice and Environmental Sustainability – UVM News

UVM Summit Addresses World Hunger, Justice and Environmental Sustainability
UVM News
… told the capacity crowd in the Davis Center's Grand Maple Ballroom, he was charmed by the countryside and nostalgic for the farm work of his youth, until stopping to visit with workers from southern Mexico, people like the ones who taught him
Farm Labor Expert Reacts To Vermont Migrant Workers' Isolation Vermont Public Radio



all 2 news articles »

Appalachian included in ‘Guide to 332 Green Colleges’ – Boone Mountain Times

Appalachian included in 'Guide to 332 Green Colleges'
Boone Mountain Times
… 275-ton composting capability at a state-of-the-art facility on campus; a 369-acre teaching and research farm, where students enhance their classroom lessons about agroecology, agroforestry and sustainable farming practices through experiential

Stop the Demolition of a Beautiful Low Impact Roundhouse! – Permaculture Magazine


Permaculture Magazine

Stop the Demolition of a Beautiful Low Impact Roundhouse!
Permaculture Magazine
Tony's vision, articulated in an article in Permaculture 27 back in in 2001, was that to begin to move to towards a low impact, genuinely sustainable society, we have to grow more of our own food and fuel and this means less office work, less

At summit, experts urge expanding equity as pillar of green economy – Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)

At summit, experts urge expanding equity as pillar of green economy
Forests News, Center for International Forestry Research (blog)
Unsustainable development and agricultural expansion, including agroforestry such as oil palm, threatens to hasten the region's already high rate of deforestation: Each year in Southeast Asia, an area three times the size of Jakarta is cleared of its

The “other” kind of drift

"There's a perception that drift happens." That's what I heard an industry rep say when I listened in on a Kaua'i County Council meeting on pesticide issues last summer (before the landmark Bill 2491 passed). A perception of drift? Really?

If you've been following our work here at PAN you already know that pesticide drift is a problem. On-the-ground data from across the country leaves no question that drift happens— and that people in rural communities are being harmed. But did you know there's more than one kind? It's true. And right now, EPA is reviewing how to best assess the risks of the "other" kind of drift: volatilization.

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Farm Labor Expert Reacts To Vermont Migrant Workers’ Isolation – Vermont Public Radio

Farm Labor Expert Reacts To Vermont Migrant Workers' Isolation
Vermont Public Radio
"I've never seen such solitude amongst farm workers in my life," says Eric Holt-Giménez of migrant farm workers he met in northern Vermont. The California-based agroecologist is shown here, right, at Burlington's Intervale with director Travis Marcotte.

Informed food choices matter. A lot.

Last week, I harvested the first cherries from our backyard tree. They were yummy, gorgeous and fresh — so satisfying! Having planted the little tree just last spring and tended it since, it was also satisfying to know the sweet fruit is completely free of any chemicals that could harm me or my family.

If I'd picked up non-organic cherries from the store instead, they could be coated with any of the 42 pesticides USDA found in their most recent round of residue sampling. According to PAN's newly updated WhatsOnMyFood.org online tool, 20 of the chemicals found on cherries are suspected hormone disruptors, seven are harmful to the human nervous system and five have been linked to cancer. Yikes.

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Structural and functional response to metal toxicity in aquatic Cyperus alopecuroides Rottb

Publication date: Available online 18 June 2014
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Riffat Batool , Mansoor Hameed , Muhammad Ashraf , Sana Fatima , Tahira Nawaz , Muhammad Sajid Aqeel Ahmad
Morpho-anatomical and physiological response of Cyperus alopecuroides Rottb. (Family Cyperaceae), occurring in industrial-polluted water near Sheikhupura, Pakistan to metal (Ni and Cd) stress was examined. Two levels (30 and 60 mg L−1) of each of Ni and Cd were maintained during the experiment. Growth and development was severely affected by both metals, however, Cd was more toxic than Ni, although Ni was absorbed readily by the roots and its considerable amount was translocated to aerial plant parts due to its mobile nature. In contrast, high amount of Cd were retained in the roots. Specific root physio-anatomical modifications for Ni tolerance were found result from leaf turgor potential, high accumulation of organic osmolytes, enhanced sclerification, and aerenchyma formation, while leaves were more developed bulliform cells and stellate parenchyma. Cd tolerance was found to be related to accumulation of organic osmolytes, thick epidermis and endodermis, enhanced sclerification, and stellate cell formation in stem, and well developed bulliform cells in leaves. The structural and functional response of metal toxicity was very specific in C. alopecuroides depending on the type of metal which enabled this species to survive successfully in metal-polluted wetlands.

Intra- and interspecific variations in life strategies of Erpobdella octoculata and Erpobdella vilnensis in different habitats along the longitudinal gradient of stream

Publication date: July 2014
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, Volume 48
Author(s): Pavel Beracko , Alexandra Rogánska
Our study examines intra and interspecific variations in life histories, reproduction parameters, secondary production and feeding biology of two erpobdellid leech species ( Erpobdella octoculata and Erpobdella vilnensis ) across longitudinal gradient of streams. These species frequently cohabit in streams of Central Europe and present a very high niche overlap in terms of spatial distribution and trophic resources. In both species, a shift from biennial to annual life cycle was noted, as well as from iteroparity to semelparity. In general, annual erpobdellid populations invested more in reproduction than the biennial populations and E. octoculata invested more in reproduction than any E. vilnensis . The absolute individual growths of studied species were described by the von Bertalanffy growth model with seasonal oscillations. The highest values of daily growths (6.1–8.6% of dry mass per day) were noted during the first month after hatching. Annual production ranged for E. vilnensis from 3.48 to 10.01 g formalin mass m−2 year−1 and for E. octoculata from 11.29 to 19.29 g formalin mass m−2 year−1. The prey diversity and overlap of prey composition and potential prey resources of leeches indicate that, compared to older leeches, the younger leeches are more selective feeders.

ICRAF and SEI Brief on Sustainable Firewood and Charcoal in Kenya – IISD Reporting Services

ICRAF and SEI Brief on Sustainable Firewood and Charcoal in Kenya
IISD Reporting Services
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) 16 June 2014: The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) and the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) released two technical briefs on the sustainability of charcoal and firewood use in Kenya. The reports note that, in

Chinese Ecovillage Needs Permaculturists & Natural Farmers – Permaculture Magazine


Permaculture Magazine

Chinese Ecovillage Needs Permaculturists & Natural Farmers
Permaculture Magazine
We are now looking for global permaculture and natural farming experts to give us guidance in our new farms. China's largest ecovillage – the Second Home of Lifechanyuan, which was established in May of 2009 and developed very well during the past five …