UW Extension, Sublette County weed and pest sponsor free hay workshop – High Plains Journal

UW Extension, Sublette County weed and pest sponsor free hay workshop
High Plains Journal
Weed-free forage and improving irrigation efficiency are among five topics at the free hay workshop Feb. 20, south of Pinedale. Sessions are 3:30 to 8:30 p.m. at the Sublette County Weed and Pest District (SCWP) facility, 12 S. Bench Rd. The University

Shaking up the White House hive

As I spoke to a packed room at the EcoFarm Conference late last month, it was clear that many of us eagerly await the unveiling of the White House's new plan to protect bees. But if recent events are any indication, officials aren’t getting the message that pesticides are a key part of the problem. Just one day before my talk, EPA approved another bee-harming pesticide.

With this recent decision, it’s time to shake up the White House hive. No, not the beehive near the Obamas’ kitchen garden, but the politics that are blocking progress for the nation’s pollinators. It's the White House Task Force on Pollinator Health that's releasing a new plan, and they really need to get it right.

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Annual No-Till Winter Conference is Feb. 10-11 in Gering – Gering Citizen


Gering Citizen

Annual No-Till Winter Conference is Feb. 10-11 in Gering
Gering Citizen
He teaches soil health and the principles of agroecology throughout the country. Gabe Brown is one of the pioneers of the current soil health movement that focuses on regenerating our resources. Gabe, along with his wife, Shelly, and son, Paul, own and …

Portland’s College of Natural Medicine’s 20-year master plan includes ‘outdoor … – Portland Business Journal (blog)

Portland's College of Natural Medicine's 20-year master plan includes 'outdoor
Portland Business Journal (blog)
The permaculture forest is still just a vision, yet to complete a long and complex city approval process. It hinges on vacating Southwest Hooker Street, where it dead ends at Southwest Kelly Avenue. The college has just begun the approval process for a

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Portland’s College of Natural Medicine eyes ‘outdoor library’ with permaculture – Portland Business Journal (blog)

Portland's College of Natural Medicine eyes 'outdoor library' with permaculture
Portland Business Journal (blog)
The permaculture forest is still just a vision, yet to complete a long and complex city approval process. It hinges on vacating Southwest Hooker Street, where it dead ends at Southwest Kelly Avenue. The college has just begun the approval process for a

Peru: Pui Pui Protective-Forest locals to celebrate 30th anniversary amid benefits – Andina – Agencia Peruana de Noticias

Peru: Pui Pui Protective-Forest locals to celebrate 30th anniversary amid benefits
Andina – Agencia Peruana de Noticias
By April 2015, the locals of the Pichanaki district will be favored through the competing government funding invested in tourism and agroforestry projects. This will be supported by the program “Sustainable Economic Development and Strategic

Iowa farmers call for action on drift

Last week a new farmer-led coalition held a press conference in Des Moines, calling on state regulators to better protect Iowa farmers and communities from pesticide drift. The move reflects growing concern about the impacts of drift on Iowa farms and communities. Drift can undermine farmers’ ability to farm as they choose, jeopardize the state’s growing local food economy, and put Iowa children’s health at risk.

PAN's Iowa Policy Coordinator Kate Mendenhall was joined by the leadership and members of the Iowa Farmers Union (IFU) at the press event. Together they outlined the drift protection steps the coalition is requesting of the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS). Other organizations in the growing coalition include Practical Farmers of Iowa (PFI) and the Women, Food, and Agriculture Network (WFAN).

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Permaculture Photography Competition! Win a week’s holiday for two! – Permaculture Magazine


Permaculture Magazine

Permaculture Photography Competition! Win a week's holiday for two!
Permaculture Magazine
We are offering prizes for photographs that illustrate any of permaculture's principles or that show permaculture in action (highest resolution please, Dropbox facility available). WIN a week's holiday for two in Stuart and Gabrielle Anderson's barn

Smart Solar Irrigation In Senegal Offers Pay-As-You-Go Power – CleanTechnica


CleanTechnica

Smart Solar Irrigation In Senegal Offers Pay-As-You-Go Power
CleanTechnica
In rural areas of Senegal, getting water for irrigating crops often comes with a hefty price tag, not only in terms of the cost to buy the fuel for it (about $1 per day for an average gas-powered irrigation pump), and the time necessary to procure it

The Heat Is On: Via Campesina and Allies Challenge Climate Capitalism – Huffington Post

The Heat Is On: Via Campesina and Allies Challenge Climate Capitalism
Huffington Post
"Agroecology can double food production in entire regions within ten years, while mitigating climate change and alleviating rural poverty," stated Olivier de Schutter, former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food upon presentation of his March

Can Whole Foods’ Responsibly Grown certification change mainstream farming? – Treehugger


Treehugger

Can Whole Foods' Responsibly Grown certification change mainstream farming?
Treehugger
While we love the growth of small-scale agroecology and the spread of farmers' markets everywhere, it seems likely that a large proportion of our food will continue to come from big farms and major industrial farming operations. If Whole Foods can help …

Something myth-ing? What they don’t tell us about African agriculture – New Internationalist (blog)


New Internationalist (blog)

Something myth-ing? What they don't tell us about African agriculture
New Internationalist (blog)
More and more evidence has been pouring in which shows that sustainable agriculture – or agroecology – can produce yields comparable to, and often larger than, industrial agriculture. But that's not all. There are also huge positive knock-on effects of …

Fine sediment deposition affects biodiversity and density of benthic macroinvertebrates: A case study in the freshwater pearl mussel river Waldaist (Upper Austria)

Publication date: Available online 29 December 2014
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): P. Leitner , C. Hauer , T. Ofenböck , F. Pletterbauer , A. Schmidt-Kloiber , W. Graf
Fine sediment deposition in stream beds frequently generated by certain land use practices has become an increasing stressor for rivers throughout the world. In this study, the role of fine sediment deposition and its impact on the benthic macro-invertebrate assemblages was investigated in a low mountain freshwater pearl mussel stream, the Waldaist. Communities of unaffected sites and sites under high fine sediment deposition were compared. Distinct reactions of benthic assemblages in fine gravelly habitats were ascertained demonstrating a severe but still underestimated threat for invertebrate biodiversity.

Community permaculture project under way at Head of Tide Preserve – Republican Journal

Community permaculture project under way at Head of Tide Preserve
Republican Journal
The term permaculture, a combination of "permanent" and "agriculture" was coined in the 1970s by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren to refer to self-sustaining agricultural systems. It is about mutually beneficial interaction between humans and natural …

Plant breeding in revolutionizing agriculture – Rwanda News Agency (registration)

Plant breeding in revolutionizing agriculture
Rwanda News Agency (registration)
Many farmers lose enthusiasm on growing climbing beans due to this staking problem, particularly in new areas like in the east where climbing beans are being introduced and agroforestry is yet to take root. Even in traditional climbing bean zones, as

TTIP: Free trade for pesticides?

In this week's State of the Union address, President Obama clearly signaled his renewed commitment to push free trade agreements through Congress. But civil society organizations across the world are speaking out louder than ever in firm opposition to the secretive "Fast Track" negotiations of the two global trade agreements now on the table: the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).

The TTIP is one of the latest agreements in the queue, currently in negotiation between the U.S. and the European Union (EU). Along with the TPP, TTIP is threatening international policy change that puts the interests of multinational corporations ahead of everything else, and strips away a slew of protections that social movements across the world have won in recent years.

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Welcome to the “Year of Soils!”

As an agroecologist with a keen interest in soil, I'm excited to share that 2015 is the "International Year of Soils." In the coming months, I'll have a chance to dive into an issue that's near and dear to my heart.

I’ll be able to spread the word about how living, healthy soils provide the foundation for production of our feed, fiber and fuel — and about 95% of all the food we consume. I’ll tell stories of tried-and-true traditions of excellent soil stewardship and cutting-edge soil biology. What fascinates me most is the tremendous impact of biology — in all its incredible abundance and diversity — on soil systems.

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You Are What You Eat—And What It Eats Too – The Equation: Blog of the Union of Concerned Scientists (blog)


The Equation: Blog of the Union of Concerned Scientists (blog)

You Are What You Eat—And What It Eats Too
The Equation: Blog of the Union of Concerned Scientists (blog)
We may be getting closer to integrating the science of agroecology and the science of nutrition, toward a holistic approach that would follow nutrients from the soil, to plants and animals, to human bodies. As Sir Albert Howard famously wrote in his

University of Missouri receives FAA approval for UAS research – UAS Magazine


UAS Magazine

University of Missouri receives FAA approval for UAS research
UAS Magazine
Located in rural Cook Station, Missouri, and operated by the university's College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, the 1,200-acre center conducts research on cattle, forage, timber and agroforestry systems. “This COA broadens the utilization

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Soils could keep contaminants in wastewater from reaching groundwater, streams

With endocrine-disrupting compounds affecting fish populations in rivers as close as Pennsylvania’s Susquehanna and as far away as Israel’s Jordan, a new research study shows that soils can filter out and break down at least some of these emerging contaminants. The results suggest that water pollution can be diminished by spraying treated wastewater on land rather than discharging it directly into streams, according to researchers in Penn State’s College of Agricultural Sciences.

From ‘Good to Great’ – Ecological Farming Is Coming! – AllAfrica.com

From 'Good to Great' – Ecological Farming Is Coming!
AllAfrica.com
Also called agroecology, this knowledge-rich type of farming which protects and sustains the diversity of life on earth is gaining recognition as farmers struggle to adapt to a changing climate and the out-dated, chemically intensive model of farming

From ‘Good to Great’ – Ecological Farming Is Coming! – Greenpeace International

From 'Good to Great' – Ecological Farming Is Coming!
Greenpeace International
Also called agroecology, this knowledge-rich type of farming which protects and sustains the diversity of life on earth is gaining recognition as farmers struggle to adapt to a changing climate and the out-dated, chemically intensive model of farming

Tipping Points In Chocolate – The NextWomen Business Magazine


The NextWomen Business Magazine

Tipping Points In Chocolate
The NextWomen Business Magazine
Alyssa Jade McDonald-Bartl is a third generation social entrepreneur who works to evolve standards to influence food sovereignity and agroecology. She is the mother of BLYSSchocolate.com, which harvests cacao beans for foodies who expect more from …

Expert to Examine Ways to Build a Successful, Sustainable Farming System – Public News Service


Public News Service

Expert to Examine Ways to Build a Successful, Sustainable Farming System
Public News Service
Gurian-Sherman will discuss the relationships between biotechnology and agroecology, and how they can combine to build a successful, sustainable agricultural system when he speaks at the Ohio Ecological Food and Farm Association's annual conference …

Halt conversion of forest to plantations, Anwar says after floods – Malay Mail Online


Malay Mail Online

Halt conversion of forest to plantations, Anwar says after floods
Malay Mail Online
In its statement on January 19, SAM had labelled Putrajaya's concept of “forest plantation” or agroforestry as being “inherently contradictory”. The NGO said that in 2008, the total size of forested areas classified as timber tree plantations in the

The “Big 6” drifting to a farm near you

Two weeks ago, I was speaking to a roomful of specialty crop growers and organic farmers from Indiana. They were concerned about the pesticide drift that is expected to accompany the planting of Dow and Monsanto’s new herbicide-resistant corn and soybean seeds this spring. Presenting alongside me was Anita Poeppel of Broadbranch Farms, a family-owned and operated farm in north central Illinois.

Anita shared a message with her fellow growers: We need to be ready. If USDA allows these new GE seeds — that’ve been designed to be sprayed with highly toxic, drift-prone herbicides — onto the market, we are all going to be in a lot of trouble.

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Influence of nitrate and dissolved organic carbon loading on the interaction of Microcystis aeruginosa and heterotrophic bacteria from hyper-eutrophic lake (Taihu Lake, China)

Publication date: Available online 20 January 2015
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Du Jingjing , Ma Xu , Pu Gaozhong , Kong Xiangshi , Akbar Siddiq , Jia Yanyan , Tian Xingjun
To investigate the interaction between cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria under gradients of glucose and nitrate, a cyanobacterial strain of Microcystis aeruginosa was grown in microcosms with and without a freshwater bacterial mixture, which was collected from Lake Taihu. Concentrations of glucose (1350, 975, 600, 300, 150, and 37.5 μmol C L−1) and nitrate (150, 300, and 9000 μmol N L−1) were used in a range of combinations giving 9 different treatments of glucose:nitrate. In the microcosm without the bacterial mixture, M . aeruginosa abundance gradually increased with days in all treatments. However, M. aeruginosa had much lower density in some treatments with the bacterial mixture. The difference in M. aeruginosa growth could be explained by competition with bacteria in the cultures in which these were added. The abundance of M. aeruginosa and bacteria when grown together was nearly equal and the number of the bacterial species was highest in the treatment with 300 μmol C L−1 and 150 μmol N L−1. Our results suggest that at this glucose:nitrate ratio M . aeruginosa and the bacterial mixture maintain a balance, and bacteria maintain diversity. In conclusion, we propose that dissolved organic carbon and nitrate availability fundamentally affects the structure as well as stoichiometry of pelagic associations.

Why Does Smoke Cover So Much Of South-East Asia? – Gizmodo Australia


Gizmodo Australia

Why Does Smoke Cover So Much Of South-East Asia?
Gizmodo Australia
In South-East Asia, haze has recently resurfaced on ASEAN's political radar. In early July 2014, officials from Riau province announced that they would conduct a large-scale “compliance audit” of local officials and agroforestry companies linked to

How Palm Oil, Fruit Bats and Deforestation Could Be Linked to Ebola Epidemic – EcoWatch


EcoWatch

How Palm Oil, Fruit Bats and Deforestation Could Be Linked to Ebola Epidemic
EcoWatch
In their commentary Did Ebola emerge in West Africa by a policy-driven phase change in agroecology? the authors review peer-reviewed studies showing that Ebola has been circulating in the region for years—and that this was not a “spontaneous outbreak

Penn State to host satellite location of NCSE forum on energy and climate change

Penn State will host the satellite location of the NCSE Energy and Climate Change Conference and Global Forum on Science, Policy and the Environment. The main conference will take place in Washington D.C. Jan. 27 through 29. Penn State’s University Park campus will host four live-viewing locations for the broadcast portions of this popular and important gathering.

The Peloton chases the breakaway down Checker Hill Road, Forreston. Photo … – Perth Now


Perth Now

The Peloton chases the breakaway down Checker Hill Road, Forreston. Photo
Perth Now
A huge gum tree burns in front of the Gumeracha Agroforestry Demonstration Area. Picture: Mark Brake Source: News Corp Australia. Fellow long-time fan Robin Tiffany, who travelled from Melbourne, has dressed up as yellow Teletubbie Laa-Laa for the past …

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Steve Gliessman Keynote Speaker | Rose Cohen Speaker | USAID Symposium

CAN Board president Steve Gliessman (Professor Emeritus of Agroecology, UCSC) and CAN Executive Director Roseann Cohen head to Washington, D.C. to attend “Design for Resilience in Smallholder Farming Systems: Symposium and Consultation on Agroecological Principles, Design and Practice.” As keynote speaker, Steve will lay the foundation for agroecological principles and design, providing the foundation for the two days of discussion.

Rose will present a case study of the obstacles to adoption of agroecological principles, using CAN’s experiences in overcoming most of the obstacles faced by changing hunger and poverty through agroecology. Focusing on CAN’s work in rural communities in Central America and Mexico, Rose will present examples of how to work with communities to engage them successfully in agroecological transformation.

Rose is speaking in the session, “Effective Adoption of Agroecological Principles.” The purpose of this session is to offer the opportunity to discuss constraints to wider adoption and diffusion of agroecological practices, especially among smallholders living in marginal areas, and the technical and institutional solutions to overcome them.

The audience for this symposium is staff members from USAID and Private Voluntary Organizations, such as Catholic Relief Services, Save the Children, Mercy Corps, World Vision, ACDI/VOCA, and others who are part of USAID’s Food for Peace Program.

OceanaGold helps check spread of citrus plant diseases in Nueva Vizcaya – Manila Standard Today

OceanaGold helps check spread of citrus plant diseases in Nueva Vizcaya
Manila Standard Today
It has been an ardent supporter of the government's national greening program since 2011 and partner of OceanaGold Sustainable Agroforestry Inc. which carries on agroforestry, commercial tree plantation, wood resources utilization and trade of various …

Agricultural and Environment Center offering summer internships for students

New, full-time summer internships are available through the Penn State Agriculture and Environment Center. The AEC was founded in 2008 with the intention of enhancing the communication and integration of science in an effort to inform policy while building and improving partnerships that benefit working landscapes across the commonwealth. The internships are available at Harrisburg and University Park.

Spatial Arrangement and Metrics of Freshwater Coastal Rock Pools Applied to Amphibian Conservation

Publication date: Available online 17 January 2015
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Alexander T. Egan , Leonard C. Ferringtona Jr. , Toben Lafrançois , Mark B. Edlund , Jenna McCullougha
Coastal habitats are an ecotone between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Depressions on volcanic bedrock shores of Lake Superior form small pool habitats that are influenced to various degrees by their spatial context and that relate to differences in mechanisms of disturbance. A total of 71,931 coastal pools were mapped and measured, and amphibian occupants were identified along 48 km of shoreline at Isle Royale National Park, where coastal rock pool habitats were abundant. Generally, mean depth of pools was 0.11 m, with a mean surface area of 0.6 m2, although maximum measurements were 1.5 m and 378 m2, respectively. Three strongly defined zones occurred, with bedrock near the lake having a low slope and more numerous, smaller, and shallower pools; bedrock near the forest edge had a steeper slope and fewer, larger, and deeper pools; and a median zone occurring between. A single offshore location, Passage Island, had nearly 63% of all pool abundance. Two amphibian species were typical of coastal pools, the chorus frog ( Pseudacris triseriata ) and blue-spotted salamander ( Ambystoma laterale ), while spring peeper ( Pseudacris crucifer ) was uncommon and probably incidental to coastal habitats. These three species were significantly more abundant in mid-shore pools. Four other amphibian species were only rarely detected. Both coastal habitat density and chorus frog abundance were highest at localities directly adjacent to an international shipping lane. As a result of intriguing spatial distributions and potential for impacts from coastal pollution, chorus frog in particular reveals that coastal ecology can be unique from inland contexts and have important management implications at the land-water interface.

A grand venture is born: UC Santa Cruz marks milestone – Santa Cruz Sentinel

A grand venture is born: UC Santa Cruz marks milestone
Santa Cruz Sentinel
Devoted students flocked to work the soil with Alan Chadwick, a spindly actor-turned-master-gardener who would go on to become a pioneer of organic farming techniques and set the stage for the campus's Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food …

Five Questions with Dr. M. Jahi Chappell, PhD, of the Institute for … – The Daily Meal

Five Questions with Dr. M. Jahi Chappell, PhD, of the Institute for
The Daily Meal
Food Tank recently had the opportunity to speak with Dr. M. Jahi Chappell, PhD, political ecologist and Director of Agroecology and Agriculture Policy at the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, who will be speaking at the summit. Foot Tank (FT

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Colombia’s Biodiverse Choco Region a Potential Biotech Hotbed – Latin American Herald Tribune

Colombia's Biodiverse Choco Region a Potential Biotech Hotbed
Latin American Herald Tribune
The scientific push in that impoverished and remote northwestern jungle province began 10 years ago with the training of professionals in the fields of biology, agroforestry engineering and environmental engineering who today are leading this effort

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Finding Solutions That Nourish Ourselves and Protect the Planet – EcoWatch


EcoWatch

Finding Solutions That Nourish Ourselves and Protect the Planet
EcoWatch
Food Tank talks about everything from agroforestry to food deserts: anything this fresh that's in pursuit of solutions that are environmentally, socially and economically sustainable ways of alleviating hunger, obesity and poverty always grabs my

Colombia’s biodiverse Choco region a potential biotech hotbed – Fox News Latino

Colombia's biodiverse Choco region a potential biotech hotbed
Fox News Latino
The scientific push in that impoverished and remote northwestern jungle province began 10 years ago with the training of professionals in the fields of biology, agroforestry engineering and environmental engineering who today are leading this effort

Permaculture: You take care of the earth, the earth takes care of you – The Seattle Times


The Seattle Times

Permaculture: You take care of the earth, the earth takes care of you
The Seattle Times
That's the definition of permaculture in a new book out this month from Northwest authors Jessi Bloom and Dave Boehnlein. Bloom runs an award-winning, landscape design-build firm. Boehnlein is education director at the Bullock's Permaculture Homestead …

Timberland Agroforestry Project Breaks Cycle of Poverty in Haiti – Triple Pundit (blog)


Triple Pundit (blog)

Timberland Agroforestry Project Breaks Cycle of Poverty in Haiti
Triple Pundit (blog)
The community agroforestry development model SFA and Timberland put into effect in the rural Haitian community of Gonaïves has boosted agricultural output by some 50 percent, lowered input costs and significantly raised net incomes for farmers and

Deforestation, agricultural development and the cycle of poverty – Triple Pundit (blog)


Triple Pundit (blog)

Deforestation, agricultural development and the cycle of poverty
Triple Pundit (blog)
Among a host of associated sustainable benefits, the payback for farmers has been healthier soils, land and water resources, higher quality crops, and greater yields. In sum, after five years the agroforestry project has resulted in a sustainable

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Home and Garden Digest, Jan. 16, 2015: UCSC hosts fruit tree workshop – Santa Cruz Sentinel

Home and Garden Digest, Jan. 16, 2015: UCSC hosts fruit tree workshop
Santa Cruz Sentinel
Shmuel Thaler/Sentinel file Orin Martin first visited what is now known as the Alan Chadwick Garden in 1969, fell in love with it, and has been a leader in the agro-ecology community ever since. He will be teaching a free class on fruit trees Saturday

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Seeds of Haiti agroecology project to be planted by locals – U-T San Diego


U-T San Diego

Seeds of Haiti agroecology project to be planted by locals
U-T San Diego
1 for the first part of a five-year agroecology project in Gressier. It is a community where FFCC has sent more than 2.5 million nutritious packaged meals since its devastating earthquake in January 2010. Their goal for the first year is to establish

Training the Next Generation of Permaculture Teachers – Permaculture Magazine


Permaculture Magazine

Training the Next Generation of Permaculture Teachers
Permaculture Magazine
After four decades of teaching permaculture across the globe, often in countries suffering from natural disasters or the devastation of war, Rosemary decided to focus on teaching permaculture practitioners to become teachers. Rosemary believes there is

Determining useful benchmarks for the bioassessment of highly disturbed areas based on diatoms

Publication date: Available online 13 January 2015
Source:Limnologica – Ecology and Management of Inland Waters
Author(s): Carmen L. Elias , Ana R. Calapez , Salomé F.P. Almeida , Maria J. Feio
Modern ecological assessments of running waters are based on the a priori definition of ecological benchmarks, given by reference-quality sites. Such benchmarks are established at the level of ecoregions, typologies, or site. Yet, in highly disturbed regions, such as coastal areas of European countries, the assessment of streams’ water quality based on the reference condition concept is very difficult, due to the lack of undisturbed sites. Among others, the reduced number of reference sites may have as a consequence the definition of imprecise ecological benchmarks. Here we tested the hypotheses that 1) the increase in the number of potential reference sites 2) the definition of more precise abiotic thresholds using the Least Disturbed Condition approach (LDC), and 3) the use of diatom assemblages, as the most ubiquitous element in lowland areas, would result in refinement and eventual sub-division of existing river types of a highly disturbed area, such as the Portuguese centre-western region. For this purpose, abiotic data characterising natural conditions of 55 sites from a littoral highly disturbed region were used in a hierarchical classification analysis that revealed the existence of three different sub-groups. In addition, a three-step approach was used to define thresholds for the pressure variables in LDC. Based on these new thresholds, sites in LDC were selected. A hierarchical classification performed to the LDC diatom spring assemblages revealed the existence of two sub-groups, concordant with two of the abiotic sub-groups. Several species contributed to the dissimilarity between the two sub-groups (e.g., Achnanthidium minutissimum and Karayevia oblongella ). Differences between the sub-groups were also found in the trait proportions of stalked species. New benchmark values for these two sub-groups, based on the scores of the official diatom index, the Indice de Polluo-sensibilité Spécifique (IPS), were different from the previous reference value used. Yet, no biological benchmark values were established for one of the groups due to the absence of sites in the LDC. Our study suggests that streambed substrate is an important characterisation variable in the river type definition and highlights that, in spite of the potential refinement in reference conditions and typology obtained, an alternative approach that does not require the use of reference sites should be explored in the future.

Deforestation Slows Economic Recovery in Haiti – Triple Pundit (blog)


Triple Pundit (blog)

Deforestation Slows Economic Recovery in Haiti
Triple Pundit (blog)
Among a host of associated sustainable benefits, the payback for farmers has been healthier soils, land and water resources, higher quality crops, and greater yields. In sum, after five years the agroforestry project has resulted in a sustainable